During WW2, when armies advancing through enemy territory captured enemy factories / oil refineries, how did this actually work in practice?

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Did they have their own scientists / specialists travelling in the rear who then try to figure out how to get the facility back online? I’m assuming here that the enemy workers have already fled and the facilities are empty.

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20 Answers

Anonymous 0 Comments

Forgotten Weapons has videos about many guns that were made under occupation.

I unfortunately can’t remember any specifics, but I can say that it was a spectrum between forced labour and just getting paid to do the same work by someone else.

Depending on who invaded.

Anonymous 0 Comments

Forgotten Weapons has videos about many guns that were made under occupation.

I unfortunately can’t remember any specifics, but I can say that it was a spectrum between forced labour and just getting paid to do the same work by someone else.

Depending on who invaded.

Anonymous 0 Comments

The Soviets dismantled everything they could and moved it east, burnt the rest.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evacuation_in_the_Soviet_Union#:~:text=Evacuation%20of%20industrial%20plants%20began,%2C%20Siberia%2C%20and%20Central%20Asia.

The Germans burnt everything they could,the Soviets dismantled everything they left and shipped it home as compensation.

Anonymous 0 Comments

The Soviets dismantled everything they could and moved it east, burnt the rest.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evacuation_in_the_Soviet_Union#:~:text=Evacuation%20of%20industrial%20plants%20began,%2C%20Siberia%2C%20and%20Central%20Asia.

The Germans burnt everything they could,the Soviets dismantled everything they left and shipped it home as compensation.

Anonymous 0 Comments

Factories and refineries are always going to have civilians nearby, they couldn’t flee (spelling) because a nation on the defensive is going to try and keep things running as long as they can.

They take them over and round up the facility’s management and technical people and either go one of two ways

“You’ve been liberated! We need you to get things going again as quick as you can and Major Whatever here of the Engineers will be your go-between to get you whatever you need. Rations will be provided for your workers and their families.”

“You were the manager yes? You will get things back up to speed correct? No?” *blam* “You were the deputy manager yes? You will get things back up to speed correct? Good! I’ll let you get to work then and Major Scowlingheim will be advising you.”

Anonymous 0 Comments

Factories and refineries are always going to have civilians nearby, they couldn’t flee (spelling) because a nation on the defensive is going to try and keep things running as long as they can.

They take them over and round up the facility’s management and technical people and either go one of two ways

“You’ve been liberated! We need you to get things going again as quick as you can and Major Whatever here of the Engineers will be your go-between to get you whatever you need. Rations will be provided for your workers and their families.”

“You were the manager yes? You will get things back up to speed correct? No?” *blam* “You were the deputy manager yes? You will get things back up to speed correct? Good! I’ll let you get to work then and Major Scowlingheim will be advising you.”

Anonymous 0 Comments

Not everyone will flee when an invading army approaches. A lot will stay behind to protect their homes. Many will not have a place to flee to do they stay. If you stay then you’re looking to survive. If the invaders are nice they will leave your factory/refinery intact and put you back to work. It’s kind of like buying protection from the mob.

Anonymous 0 Comments

Not everyone will flee when an invading army approaches. A lot will stay behind to protect their homes. Many will not have a place to flee to do they stay. If you stay then you’re looking to survive. If the invaders are nice they will leave your factory/refinery intact and put you back to work. It’s kind of like buying protection from the mob.

Anonymous 0 Comments

The Germans had specialists who came in to try to get the Maikop oil fields back into production. The Soviets had done a thorough job, so their efforts did not yield much before they lost the area.

Otherwise, depended on the war. In WWs I and II, Germans could keep mines and factories etc running in the occupied west with the existing labour force and management under German supervision. EG the Phillips works at Eindhoven kept producing vacuum tubes for radar and radio. In the east, the Germans found it easier to take people back to Germany and put them to work in German factories, as Soviet relocation and destruction left little plant. They did run some stuff – like the hydro plants on the Dnieper and the mines at Nikopol.

Anonymous 0 Comments

The Germans had specialists who came in to try to get the Maikop oil fields back into production. The Soviets had done a thorough job, so their efforts did not yield much before they lost the area.

Otherwise, depended on the war. In WWs I and II, Germans could keep mines and factories etc running in the occupied west with the existing labour force and management under German supervision. EG the Phillips works at Eindhoven kept producing vacuum tubes for radar and radio. In the east, the Germans found it easier to take people back to Germany and put them to work in German factories, as Soviet relocation and destruction left little plant. They did run some stuff – like the hydro plants on the Dnieper and the mines at Nikopol.