Like literally how? How a doctor takes out a baby? Is it putting the hand in a vagina and taking it out or what else? And how does this happen literally?
I know you’re here to learn and ask questions and to have it simply explained but some things, sometimes, videos would be easier.
Don’t need to put hands inside… hands are for guiding the baby out. Unless it’s a C-Section which is to cut then pull the baby out directly from the woman. Otherwise the woman pushes the baby out as it’s been done for mammals for 200 million years.
Oh and no, the doctor doesn’t normally need to put hand up the vagina. Once the baby reaches a certain point (head and shoulders are outside the vagina) the baby pretty much slides out and the doctor just needs to catch it! Let’s hope they have safe hands!
In a “normal” vaginal delivery, the body does most of the work on its own. The cervix (the opening between the vagina and the uterus) goes from a 1cm opening to a 10cm opening, and the uterus squeezes the baby out. The doctors are there to monitor the patient and baby, “receive” the baby, and do vital health checks as soon as the baby is born. They also make sure that the placenta delivers correctly after the baby (because it sometimes gets stuck or torn and can cause infection).
However, in a difficult delivery (breech, C-section, cord prolapse, etc.), the doctors do a lot more. Mostly, doctors are at a birth in case it suddenly turns into a difficult delivery.
Under normal circumstances the baby is simply pushed out by the mother. The birth canal (route from womb and out through vagina) is surrounded by muscles – contractions are just those muscles tensing up. The doctor/midwife is there to guide the mother through the process.
Sometimes the baby needs a little help to get out and there are tools like forceps that the medical staff can use to help bring the baby along by essentially pulling along with the contractions, while the mother pushes.
There are also abnormal occasions, such as the baby being breached, which is when the baby is coming out feet first (should be head first as that is more streamlined) and the consultant or midwife will need to intervene to ensure safe delivery.
In extreme cases, especially where the mother and baby are at risk, the baby is delivered by C-section. This where an incision is made in the lower abdomen and the baby is pulled out through the hole created, rather than exiting via the vagina. It is also not uncommon for C-section to be elective (i.e. there is no immediate risk but C-section is used anyway)