How tribes are/were dealing with waste? (Feces, food remains or spoiled, etc)
Also, if you’re living without any industrial production, pretty much anything can be buried / stored away in some place, and it will be compost within couple of months, which you can then use to fertilise your crops.
You don’t have any plastics staying around until the end of time.
There was an AMA with a lady who lived in a tribe in Africa somewhere and was visiting family in the city. One of the things I remember her saying is that when women had their periods they went into a specific hut and squatted over a hole till it was done. That does not sound fun.
They compost it. Either they put it in a compost heap and will proper aeration it will turn to rich soil in just a couple of months which can be spread out on the gardens and crops. Or they burry it in pits where the same process happens much faster. Even the bones will be gone in just a couple of years in good soil. Modern agricultural soil however does not work in this way. Instead of using bacteria, fungi, amoeba, nematodes, worms, insects, etc. to provide plants with nutrition we now tend to add artificial fertilisers to the crops and even use insecticides to kill off any smaller living things. So the dirt is mostly dead and will not compost anything. This also means that any infectious diseases which might come from feces or spoiled food can survive in the dirt we have today while in could not compete with the other bacteria in the soils in the past and just get eaten by the nematodes and amoeba. So it is not safe to compost for crops today while it was in the past.
re: feces, they use it in the fields for compost
then they walk around barefoot
then they get salmonella
Most people turn food and wastes into fertilizer, or use bones as bone meal, another type of fertilizer. Some people that live off grid do that, its a simple way to reuse feces, food waste, and spoiled food.