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Can someone explain with examples. I get the concept but i am struggling to come up with a relatable example

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Imagine that you’re in autumn and that the temperature is getting colder day after day. When do you start to wear cold-weather clothings ? Chances that what will happen is the following:

* Initially, the temperature is too hot for heavy cloths. Let’s say that your comfort level is 4/5.
* The temperature is getting colder and your comfort level drops to 3/5, and changing of cloths would be more comfortable, but you’re too lazy to change yet <= this is Region-alpha, where there is a small problem you don’t care enough to solve.
* The temperature continues to drop, and so does your comfort level that reach a low of 2/5, so you decide it’s not acceptable anymore, you change your cloths and it’s much better! You’re back at 4/5 of comfort. <= this is Region-beta where the problem was big enough so you focussed on it and solved it.
* The temperature continues to drop, and so does your comfort level, which is back at 3/5, and maybe even 2/5 and 1/5 latter. But it’s not like you can do anything more to improve the situation <= this is Region-gamma, where the problem is so big that your solution is not enough.

The paradox here is that while the situation is getting worse and worse, your comfort is not strictly decreasing, and the region where you’re the most comfortable is the Region beta in the middle.

Note that not everyone reacts the same, and even a single person doesn’t react the same way to every kind of problem. In some circumstances, peoples instead have a threshold for “solving the problem” small enough so that there is no Region alpha, and the counter-cost here is that the person is probably spending resources to solve problems that were about to solve themself.

For temperature, that would be peoples who took heavy clothes for the morning where it was a little cold and then have to carry them all the afternoon when the temperature is too hot to wear them.

A relatable example of the concept of abstraction is using a computer. When you use a computer, you don’t need to know the inner workings of the computer, you just need to know how to use it. You don’t need to know how the computer works, you just need to know how to use the mouse and keyboard to do the tasks you need to do.