the term of “Ontology” and “epistemology”? As well as, the difference and it’s applications.

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the term of “Ontology” and “epistemology”? As well as, the difference and it’s applications.

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In philosophy, ontology is the study of existence, or being. What does it mean to say a thing is, or that it exists? For example, if you catch a fish and eat it, at what point does it stop being a fish? What is it about that thing that makes it a fish, and if you take those things away when does it stop being that fish?

Epistemology is the study of knowledge. What do we mean when we say we know something? How can you be sure? What is the difference between opinions, beliefs, and knowledge? Are there things the human mind cannot grasp? How do you know?

In the field I study, since philosophy seems to have kind of a different, more pure, meaning, ontology is used when the researcher wants to observe things as they are, and not as they should be (which, at least in this field, is called deontology).

Epistemology is about the methods you take to develop your research, since the world is so vast and human relations are so complex you need to do epistemological cuts to limit and simplify the object of the study.

As I said this is a applied social sciences everyday use, I’m not saying it’s the only one or the truer one.