What causes some women to die during childbirth? How is modern medicine working to prevent such tragedies?

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What causes some women to die during childbirth? How is modern medicine working to prevent such tragedies?

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4 Answers

Anonymous 0 Comments

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Anonymous 0 Comments

Pregnancy is a very complicated process. Probably one of the most complicated in terms of human biology. Many things can go wrong. But, as a starting point, a lot of the issues begin with the general health of the woman to begin with. Modern nutrition and medicine helps by ensuring a better starting point to begin with. Then the advanced monitoring tools (ultrasound etc) plus diagnostics like measuring blood pressure, composition, chemistry helps identify early problems. Still not every problem is avoidable.

In most modern countries, maternal mortality rates have seen a reduction in the neighborhood of 99% since 1900. Maternal deaths due to pregnancies fell from about 1% of pregnancies in 1990 to around 0.01% today.

Anonymous 0 Comments

Some of the most common causes of death during childbirth (so excluding infections that set in after) are bleeding, extremely elevated blood pressure, and blood clots.

Modern medicine has dramatically reduced instances of these by simply having doctors who understand the conditions and having medications and tools to treat them. This means doctors who can quickly recognize bleeding and fix it (and give blood transfusions if necessary) or to give medications to reduce blood pressure or break up clots. Modern hygiene also means doctors can safely perform c-sections to get the baby out quickly if there’s a risk for any of these issues, or if these issues start to occur.

You didn’t mention deaths *after* childbirth, but I’ll briefly address that because in the past, deaths after childbirth caused by infection were very common. modern hygiene, again, has made the risk of infection much lower, and we also have antibiotics to treat infections if they do occur.

It should be noted that deaths during and related to childbirth are sadly much more common in poor countries than in rich ones. Poor countries often don’t have access to modern facilities with proper hygiene, medications, and medical instruments to make birth safer. Even within rich countries, there’s often a notable difference in maternal deaths between rich and poor areas.

Anonymous 0 Comments

Post partum hemorrhage is one. Treated with a blood transfusion, often avoidable if mum is undisturbed during birth including the third stage