what makes pain differentiate into various sensations such as shooting, stabbing, throbbing, aching, sharp, dull, etc?

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what makes pain differentiate into various sensations such as shooting, stabbing, throbbing, aching, sharp, dull, etc?

In: Biology

How big the area causing the pain is, plus the method of damage of the tissue e.g. are the cells too hot, or physically cut, and therefore which types of nerve cells are stimulated (e.g. A-d fibres can be stimulated by mechanical or thermal stimuli, or C fibres which can be mechanical, thermal or chemical).

Some nerve fibres have special coatings (myelination) which allows the signal to travel faster e.g. A-d pain fibres

It’s fascinating (not fun) to have chemo induced peripheral neuropathy. I feel all those sorts of pain all the time in my feet. 24 seven for the rest of my life. So think about the nerves in your feet and how chemical damage can cause this varying constant pain. Hot. Freezing. Stabbing. Stinging. Aching. Spasms. Itching. Numbness that you can feel? So weird.
I’d like a nice long explanation like I’m 5 since my Neurologist has sicker patients than me and I don’t want to bother him. It is what it is. It’s not like I had a stroke. I’m just miserable.