Which affects my car’s energy efficiency more: raising/lowering the setting on my car’s air conditioner, or raising/lowering the fan speed? Is there a most-efficient setting?

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Which affects my car’s energy efficiency more: raising/lowering the setting on my car’s air conditioner, or raising/lowering the fan speed? Is there a most-efficient setting?

In: Engineering

Fan speed does not really affect efficiency a lot. I’m not 100% sure on this, but I believe AC is either fully on or off, and temperature is more controlled by how much heat is added. The heat is neutral efficiency-wise, because it’s just the losses from the Engine. If you don’t want it in the cabin and turn it down, it’s redirected to go out.

The ac is either on or off as indicated by a lamp or snowflake symbol and while modern cars may offer an eco button that may or may not cycle ac as part of that, we should just assume it’s on. So the only effect there is if it’s running or not, temp setting doesn’t matter because it never cycles it just blends hot and cold air in different ways.

Increasing fan speed however does have an effect that’s more immediate though not as impactful as ac compressor on or off. An ac might pull 2-3HP while a fan on highest setting might pull 1/4 HP. Also we should consider that the engine fan will also turn on or run faster when AC is enabled and that saps power too, probably another HP or 2 depending on the car and design at least.

A car fan uses very little energy at any setting…maybe a few tens of watts at most. The aircon will be far more energy intensive in any sort of temperatures where you’d require it.

The air conditioner is gonna be a bigger energy hog than the fans by a wide margin. It requires a compressor to work, which requires a lot of power.

There’s an old (accurate) joke that turning off the ac is smaller cars before climbing hills, etc was a requirement because they suck so much performance. I’ve had cars where I could visibly feel the difference in performance when the ac is on.

The ac compressor is belt driven off the engine, using and sucking engine power.

The fan is electric and consuming almost none of it.