Eli5 how do embassies work?

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How can someone just hide away in an embassy while in another country and be untouchable?

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Embassies are considered extrajudicial-in general terms, the property is treated as though it is sovereign land of the country the embassy represents. Which means any extradition laws that exist (or do not exist) between the country the embassy is in and the embassy the country represents is in effect.

It is a well established diplomatic doctrine/courtesy. When a country is invited or permitted to establish an embassy in another, the host country generally treats the foreign embassy ground as “equivalent” to the lands of the foreign country. In general, no one person is worth violating this doctrine.

This is the ELI5 way of describing it.