How are microbes used to break down human feces in waste treatment facilities when copious amounts of bleach, alcohol, etc poured down drains?

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How are microbes used to break down human feces in waste treatment facilities when copious amounts of bleach, alcohol, etc poured down drains?

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Copious amounts of bleach, alcohol, etc poured down drains?

There just isn’t enough of those to make a difference. The bleach reacts with various organic molecules and gets used up. Alcohol gets so diluted that microbes don’t get negatively affected. Some microbes can even use alcohol as a food source when the concentration is low enough.

An analogy:

If all your air was replaced by smoke, you would die because your body can’t handle that—but smelling a tiny bit of smoke from a distant fire won’t negatively affect you much. Similarly, if you replace a microbe’s surroundings with chemical cleaners, it will die but a tiny amount won’t affect them much.