How are talking birds able to so precisely enunciated words without lips and a larynx?

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How are talking birds able to so precisely enunciated words without lips and a larynx?

In: Biology

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[Birds are basically speakers with wings. Sounds are wobbles in the air, and a mimic bird has the ability to make its larynx wobble with incredible control and precision based on patterns it hears and remembers – just like a computer controlling a speaker to play sounds. They can do this because they have a lot of syringeal muscles, which are the muscles that let birds wobble their larynges.](https://download.ams.birds.cornell.edu/api/v1/asset/517176/audio)

[^(audio link source)](https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/517176)

Birds use an organ known as the [syrinx](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syrinx_(bird_anatomy)) to produce sounds. While it is roughly analogous to the larynx in function, it is quite different in form. The main relevant differences are that it is lower down (found where the trachea splits as opposed to just below the head) and it’s outer membranes vibrate rather than having membranous cords running through it that vibrate. This allows birds to produce more than one distinct sound at the same time.

Bird perceive sounds much faster than we. What is one tone for us is a lot of tones played in sequence for them. They can fool our hearing.

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