How did the indigenous get to Australia when the continents drifted apart much earlier?

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How did the indigenous get to Australia when the continents drifted apart much earlier?

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The sea level was much lower during the ice ages. There likely was a land bridge through indonesia, or possibly just short hops you could manage by small boats.

America was reached over the dry bering strait, Australia propably over the sunda strait that fell dry.

Look at Hawaii, look at Australia, which one do you think would be easier to get to for primitive peoples?

There are indigenous peoples on much harder places to get to than Australia, tiny boats and short trips combined with a shallower ocean would be the basic answer.

The continents have more or less been in their same place during the entire duration of humans have been on Earth. During ice ages though, the water levels were drastically lower. So shallow waters today could have been passable by people walking, and there could have been more islands in between major stops. That whole area north of Australia and into Indonesia would had much more land for people to cross.

Continental drift occurs over millions of years, by contrast indigenous Australians arrived approximately 65,000 years ago, so the difference in land masses would have been negligible over that span of time.

As other posters have said, at the time sea levels were lower, and while there would have been land bridges connecting PNG to Australia and Java, Sumatra & Borneo to SE Asia, journey by boat would still have been necessary, although the journeys would have been shorter than those required today.

[The short answer is that they walked.](https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-04-30/research-into-ancient-aboriginal-migration-across-australia/100105902) 60,000 years ago the sea level was much lower, and there would have been a land bridge connecting the northern tip of Australia to south Asia.

Interestingly, but tangential to this as it occured 50,000 years later – there are Australian indigenous tribes with oral history that reach back before the last ice age. At this time sea level would have been at least 30 metres below it’s current level and large tracts of land to the north and south of Australia’s current coastlines would have been dry land. Very loosely, they tell of a time when there were open fields to hunt in the place that is now the Gulf of Carpentaria, and a time afterwards when “the tide came in but never went back out” which correlates with the end of the last ice age. Absolutely incredible to have such a accurate and unbroken oral history as to be able to literally recount the ages of the earth.

[https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ancient-sea-rise-tale-told-accurately-for-10-000-years/](https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ancient-sea-rise-tale-told-accurately-for-10-000-years/)

[https://theconversation.com/ancient-aboriginal-stories-preserve-history-of-a-rise-in-sea-level-36010](https://theconversation.com/ancient-aboriginal-stories-preserve-history-of-a-rise-in-sea-level-36010)