How does insulin production work?

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Is i when the tongue detects sweetness or when some other mechanism detects sugar, artificial sweeteners etc?

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Your pancreas has hormone producing cells in it (call the Islets of Langerhans,) which detect the level of sugar in your bloodstream and produce insulin if your blood sugar is too high

The body needs glucose for energy. Cells in the pancreas called beta cells make a hormone called insulin. When blood sugar levels rise, beta cells release insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin then helps move glucose from the blood into other tissues, including muscle and liver cells. There, it is stored as glycogen (a type of sugar). When blood sugar levels drop below a certain point, another hormone signals the beta cells to release stored glycogen back into the bloodstream to raise blood sugar levels again