How is natural gas used for producing fertilizer?

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I just read that the gas shortage in Europe also affects fertilizer production. How is natural gas used as a raw material for fertilizer?

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Gotta get shit real hot if ya wanna use it to recreate the natural process of nitrogen fixation. Lightening strike hot. Since we can’t create lightning we use fossil fuels to mimic the effects for an industrial use and scale.

The first phase of nitrogen based fertiliser production is making Ammonia.

Ammonia production involves combining methane (natural gas) with nitrogen from the air.

That gets you a nitrogen based chemical which is then further processed into Urea and other chemicals.

So in short it is an ingredient like any other and not simply used as an energy source.