When people get a stoma, what’s stops the bit of intestine from going back inside the person

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Is it sewn in place? Super glued?
Also does it hurt to touch?
I know a few people with Chrons disease but thought it maybe inappropriate to ask them!

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An “-ostomy” is any surgery that creates a stoma. For a colonostomy, the stoma is formed by joining a surgical opening in the large intestine (colon) to a surgical opening in the abdomimal wall. Edges of the intestine are sutured to the edges of the abdominal opening, creating a stoma that leads to the colon (hence, a colonostomy).

Once secured, the tissues eventually fuse (like any other healing process). Once healed, there is usually no pain.

It is sewn into place and under normal circumstances it does not hurt once the whole thing has settled down.

Mostly abdominal pressure. The real problem is a stoma prolapsing out, not sucking in. Same reason that when you get a hernia things poke out making a bulge not sucking in making a dent.

Immediately after stoma creation and particularly in obese patients perioperative swelling can cause a stoma to pull back into the abdomen (which is a disaster) but after a few days the swelling goes down and prolapse become the risk.

To envision a stoma prolapse imagine holding the edges of the open end of a sock and then turning it partially inside out by pushing the toe inside towards the opening.