Why do bees work?


I mean, what impulses them to work, what is the reward system in maintaining their roles in the hive?

In: Biology

Let’s take a worker bee and assume it’s a human and the hive is its family. If the bee does not work, then there will be no honey meaning all the kids (more bees) will starve. It too will starve if it didnt go out and get food. It needs food so it leaves, but at night time it’s dangerous, so let’s get home safe and sleep the night away (reason to return to hive) if it encounters another hive likely it will die because the different hive will see the bee as a threat, some cases they join other hives. So that explains why they leave and comeback, why do they defend the queen? Because wouldnt you want to defend your house and family?

Instinctual biological programming. Millennia of evolution has produced a creature with a combination of sensory organs (inputs), neurons (processors) and appendages (output) that causes the creature to instinctively react to a set of inputs by producing a given output. There is no need for reward and deterrence – that is done at the evolutionary level. If the program tends to produce more offspring generation after generation, that program persists (the “reward”). If it fails to produce sufficient offspring, that program dies off (the “deterrence”). On an individual level, bees act as automatons – they don’t stop to consider rewards or question their role in the collective. They just do what they do.