How does audio translate into bits in a computer file?

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How audio is so unique but when you open an audio file in a hex editor, the audio is comprised of bits. How is that possible?

In: Technology

4 Answers

Anonymous 0 Comments

Audio isn’t unique. That was your first mistake.

Sound is just a pressure wave in air. Sound only has meaning because you’ve learnt that certain sounds have a meaning.

If you know what a sine wave looks like, that’s basically what sound is. A compression and a rarefaction in air.

That can easily be turned into an AC electrical signal because it’s the same thing, except positive and negative voltage.

That can easily be turned into a bunch of ons and offs, 0s and 1s, which is what digital is.

A digital representation of a waveform carves it up into slices. For a CD like others have said, that is 44100 times a second.

Nyquist-Shannon theory states that to recreate a waveform, any waveform, you need to sample it twice. Humans can hear between 20Hz and 20000Hz. Two samples per wavelength therefore would be 40000Hz. Add a bit for posterity and you get 44100Hz.

Nothing unique about it. Simple physics.

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