The Hubble telescope captured an image 230 million light years away. It was an image of two galaxies colliding 230 million years ago.
If I had a space ship that contained FTL technology and traveled 230 million light years into that direction, my understanding is that it would look completely different from the image that was captured by Hubble.
**I guess my question is… how do we get that image from 230 MILLION years ago only just now? My brain wants to view it as a physical photo that flew over here because I just can’t wrap my head around how an old image could reach us.**
** FYI: I read through [this ELI5 thread on light years](https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/2igdlf/eli5how_light_years_work/) and I still don’t really get it. Maybe I’m just stupid :/
Have you ever looked at yourself via a webcam, perhaps during a videoconference? Did you notice the lag between you moving and the image on your screen making the same movement? If not try it, then come back.
Back? good. Now the image is delayed because the light hitting the camera gets turned into electrical impulses, and then they are processed in the camera into bits encapsulated into the USB protocol that feeds them to your PC, then your PC spends time understanding whats coming in by USB, turning it into image data through your camera driver code, and then feeding it to your monitor where the light from the screen travel to your eyes. All those steps take time, and so you see whatever you were doing a second previously, not what you are doing right now.
Now, instead of cameras and processors and software, just imagine that you are looking at a mirror half a light second away (forget for a moment that it would be too tiny an image to see, or that you’d have to be doing this in space because the curvature of the earth would get in the way). The light reflected off your face travels half a light second to the mirror, gets reflected and travels back half a light second distance to your eyes. What you see is identical to what you see with the web cam, 1 second out of sync with the gestures you were making. This time instead of slow electronics causing the lag, its just the physical distance between you and the mirror, because light takes time to travel over distances.
Now move the mirror further off, say 30 light years. Now it takes 30 years for the light reflecting from your face to rech the mirror and another 30 years for that light to travel all the way back to your eyes. (again this is a magic mirror, theres no practical way to actually see your reflection from so far away). So if you did this experiment as a teenager, you wouldnt see that reflection for 60 years! You as an elderly retired person would come back to the lab, and finally see the teenage image of yourself smiling and waving at you. You’d be seeing yourself as you were when the light set out on its journey, not how you are now when it finally arrives back again.