Why do magnets lose their magnetivity over time?

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Why do magnets lose their magnetivity over time?

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Anonymous 0 Comments

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Anonymous 0 Comments

There are afew ways a permanent magnet will lose its magnetism.

The most common one is heat. If you raise a magnet above its “Curie temperature” then its atoms will lose the order that they need to have their magnetic fields aligned. Once the alignment is randomized, virtually every atom has another opposing it and the overall net effect is no magnetic field.

Even low heat will eventually do the same thing, but it can take a very long time. Over time the randomizing effect of the heat will slowly reduce the magnetism.

Another way to demagnetize a permanent magnet is to provide a mechanical shock (whack it with/against something hard). Like heat, this can de-orient the atomic structure needed to keep the atom’s fields aligned.

The third way to do it is to simply apply an opposing magnetic field. The most effective way to do this is to run another magnet along the length of the one you want to demagnetize, over and over.

Anonymous 0 Comments

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Anonymous 0 Comments

The magnetism in a magnet is created by the movement of electrons. Over time, the electrons can become disorganized and the magnetism decreases. Another reason magnets lose their magnetivity is due to heat. When a magnet is heated, the thermal energy causes the magnetic dipoles to become disordered and random. This is why a magnet that has been heated will no longer be a good magnet.