What happens when cemeteries become full?

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I live in a large city and often walk by cemeteries surrounded by buildings. What happens to those cemeteries when they are at capacity?

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The corporation could buy more land and create another location.

Corporations also raise prices to stamp down demand. The best plots are always the most expensive.

There has been situations where the bones of older family people were gathered and “new” ones put to rest at the same spot.

It is handled differently by different cultures. I know that in Europe it was common for old graves to be dug up and the bones placed in other places. The Catacombs in Paris is one example. Another method used was to dig up the old graves and then dig each one deeper putting the old bones down there and then putting a new burial on top of them.

What is supposed to happen is that part of the money paid for being buried there goes to a trust fund, and when the cemetery is full, the trust fund should be at a point where just the interest is enough money to fund basic groundskeeping/maintenance.

It will depend on the cemetery you are looking at in particular.

In some, when the cemetery is full, then that is that – the existing space will be preserved as it is (often with additional burials in existing plots, where families wish to be buried together), and the cemetery will be extended or a new one opened up elsewhere to continue.

In other places, cemeteries are emptied periodically. In Singapore for example land is at a premium, so burial is temporary – for a period of 15 years. After that time the bodies are exhumed and cremated, and then interred in columbaria niches which are much more space efficient. The graves are then reused for future burials.

Those are just two fairly extreme options, and you will also find various other systems in place depending on the culture and religion of a specific country or cemetery.