Why Africa is still poor? And why almost every country is poor?


Why Africa is still poor? And why almost every country is poor?

In: 21

For many reasons, the most important is becouse welthy country wanted and want even today keep those country poor to have cheap resorce to harvest. Like, coal, gas, oil, diamons, salt and many more.

How they keep those country undeveloped? With geopolitic crisis and wars mostly.

Africa is a land very rich in resources but materially, very poor. This is clearly true. There is no single reason for this, but I would say that a system of imperial exploitation of Africa is probably the number one reason it is this way. While the system of explicit colonization is over, a system of neo-colonialism and debt slavery have replaced the old system of colonization and slavery.

In the 60s when lots of African countries fought wars for independence, or were “granted” independence, they were not able to get rid of their loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). This means that when they were finally able to “govern themselves”, they were saddled with massive amounts of debt. This seriously hurt their ability to develop their countries and provide social services. The IMF would allow restructuring of debt, but only if these countries adopt certain policies that are ameable to the “free market”, meaning foreign investment for pennies on the dollar, European and American companies buying up natural resource rights for relatively very cheap.

There is also the problem of corruption – there is a level of corruption that is very high in many of these countries. Corruption of course is not necessarily a result of colonization or neo-colonialism. However, it must be said that European and American intelligence agencies have meddled in the internal politics of a bunch of African countries.

Thomas Sankara, a revolutionary leader from Burkina Faso, gained power and began instituting massive reforms and had ambitions to creat a union of African states to act as an economic block. He enacted a policy of de-desertification and housing rights for the people and policies of anti-corruption. He was killed most likely with the help of French and American intelligence, as well as his old friend.

Kwame Nkrumah, a revolutionary leader of Ghana, actually wrote about this specifically in his book *Neocolonialism*. He too advocated for African Unity, and was also overthrown in a coup,, with the help of American intelligence.

In closing, there has been a very long war fought against Africa by the west. The vast resources available in Africa are coveted by the world. A system of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and debt slavery has been used as a bludgeon to keep africa poor while extracting/stealing as many resources as humanly possible.
You could actually look at South America and deduce the same thing. I’m sure there will be those around here who disagree with me though.

I know that’s not a short answer or even an uncomplicated answer, and I’m very sure I missed some stuff.

Sometimes I see an ELI5 and realize there’s a lot of historic context to consider, which would not be served well by a simple, short paragraph. This is one of those times.

In essence, Africa still hasn’t recovered from its usurpation under the Ottoman Empire and the Colonial Slave Trade. It’s very tiring to continually hear about the slave trade but in Africa’s case, it’s effects were devastating, leading to wars and oppression which still impact its nations today.

19 of the worlds 20 poorest countries are in Africa. Historical evidence from case studies show how the slave trade caused political instability, weakened states, promoted political and social fragmentation, and resulted in a deterioration of domestic legal institutions. Between 1400 and 1900, the African continent experienced four simultaneous slave trades.

[Here is a video](https://youtu.be/TW46xDXNO3Q) which I’m including because this is a *very* complex topic with vast and detailed historical context to consider. I realize that’s not really an “ELI5” but it’s presentation is easy to understand and truly, it takes a little effort to grasp the enormity of circumstances that created African nations’ problems. The video addresses your question very well, so I hope it may explain things better than a simplistic response to a question that requires an in-depth answer.