Why radiation make electronic equipments unusuable ?



I’ve just watched the new HBO TV Serie: Chernobyl.

I really would like to understand how comes “radiation” breaks electronic equipment.

Thank you,

In: Engineering

breaks down the materials within the electrical equipment. For example, when wiring is exposed to gamma rays, no change is noticed until the wiring is flexed or bent. The wire’s insulation becomes brittle and will break and may cause shorts in the equipment. The effect on diodes and computer chips is a bit more complex. The gamma rays disrupt the crystalline nature of the inside of the electronic component. Its function is degraded and then fails as more gamma radiation exposure is received by the electronic component.